The dangers of Asbestos

Asbestos is a material that was used in the past due to its performance and economic qualities. Asbestos is a fibrous-looking mineral found in various types of chemical species. However, the use of asbestos is linked to the so-called fibro cement or Eternit, which was spread widely. The harmful effects on health are caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibres released by objects that surround us and this can lead to serious illnesses. 

How is asbestos removed?

The law stated on the 6th of December 1994, identifies three specific mandatory intervention techniques in situations where the technician, who has carried out the inspection and risk assessment, declares the asbestos containing products to be particularly dangerous with regards to its preservation and ease of crushing or pulverising. All the techniques provide, before all other intervention, the imbibition and fixing of the fibres during their detachment phase with encapsulating products. The decontamination methods are confinement, encapsulation and removal. 

Confinement is the action whereby asbestos containing products/materials become protected and confined by rigid products of suitable shape and the appropriate fixing technique is used, ensuring an increased durability of the asbestos containing products. 

Encapsulation is a confinement method which is practiced by contacting the asbestos containing products/ materials with liquid which wets or covers products that tend to incorporate the asbestos fibres and restores the consistency of the binding agent. 

Removal consists of separating the asbestos containing materials/products from the contaminated building and converting them into waste.